Then I will look briefly at what I feel are two key elements teachers interested in this topic should keep in mind. The majority of this article however, is given over to an analysis of three classroom techniques which I feel teachers in most any circumstance or situation can begin to use almost immediately. I have tried to focus on techniques which I think help students to focus on the real world around them and which teachers may make use of even with limited resources. What Critical Thinking Means Generally Critical thinking is not an easy concept to define as it can mean quite different things to different people in different contexts and cultures.
They help both in and outside of the classroom. While young students can often approach the learning of critical thinking in a more theoretical manner, many adult students appreciate a more hands-on and realistic approach to learning critical thinking skills.
Teaching critical thinking skills to adults should be grounded in reality and should illustrate the benefits of critical thinking in everyday life. Step 1 Establish a set of common critical thinking and logical concepts.
Include terms such as value assumption, descriptive assumption, fallacy, argument, premises, conclusion, validity, soundness and other such concepts.
Define each concept and provide clear examples. Step 2 Introduce common and accessible problems for discussion that require your students to either pick a side or make a decision. For example, should men and women receive equal treatment in the military?
The issue or problem should be divisive and lend itself to a discussion which can be propelled by continuous introduction of subtler variations of the initial problem. For example, if men and women should receive equal treatment, does that mean they should also be required to complete the same physical challenges?
Step 3 Challenge every assertion your students make by asking them how they reached their conclusions. While doing this, be respectful of your adult audience and tell them that the purpose of your questioning is not to belittle or diminish them or their ideas but rather to challenge them to generate support for their ideas.
Step 4 Ask your students to write down a step-by-step description of their position on the divisive issue. Insist that they include any outside knowledge or research that does not fall within the realm of logical or critical analysis.
This can be done either in class or as homework. Step 5 Challenge your students to analyze their writing. Have them highlight examples of the common critical thinking and logic concepts you outlined at the beginning of the course.
They should write marginal comments on their writing that explains why each highlighted portion represents the logical concept they identify it as. Step 7 Instruct your students to share their comments with the authors of the writing they read.
In this critical thinking activity, students prioritize and discuss the most important qualities of an ideal partner. Each student is given a copy of the worksheet. The students look at a list of adjectives and mark the ten most important qualities of . Critical thinking depends on knowing relevant content very well and thinking about it, repeatedly. Here are five strategies, consistent with the research, to help bring critical thinking . The skills involved in critical thinking can easily be extrapolated from the definitions presented earlier: the ability to think reflectively and reasonably (Ennis, ), the ability to reflect with skepticism (Halonen, ), the ability to unearth assumptions (Brookfield, ).
Step 8 Challenge your students to correct any logical errors or assumptions in the step-by-step description of their position. Step 9 Challenge your students to write down a step-by-step description on the antithesis of their position on the divisive issue.
Things You Will Need.The skills involved in critical thinking can easily be extrapolated from the definitions presented earlier: the ability to think reflectively and reasonably (Ennis, ), the ability to reflect with skepticism (Halonen, ), the ability to unearth assumptions (Brookfield, ).
Critical thinking is the process of actively analyzing, evaluating, and synthesizing information gathered from a variety of sources, using a framework designed to lend structure and clarity to the thinking .
81 Fresh & Fun Critical-Thinking Activities Engaging Activities and Reproducibles to Develop Kids’ Higher-Level Thinking Skills by Laurie Rozakis.
Critical Thinking: Building a Key Foundation for Language and Literacy Success.
Did you know that school curriculums around the world are increasing their focus on critical thinking skills? 21st Century Skills Early Learning Framework The 21st Century Skills Early Learning Framework and Guide offer a practical tool for practitioners and advocates to integrate 21st century skills into .
I think this is one of the most important issues in education today, and one that needs to be talked about. As the new school year is beginning, it is critical to have good classroom management.