Part 1 Should you start teach sight words to your child when he or she is beginning to learn to read? There is a lot of debate about this topic. Many people think that the English language is so difficult to learn that they must teach sight words or children will not learn to read well.
Questions and Answers 1. Overview Sight words instruction is an excellent supplement to phonics instruction. Use lesson time to introduce up to three new words, and use game time to practice the new words. A sight words instruction session should be about 30 minutes long, divided into two components: Sight Words Lesson — Use our Teaching Techniques to introduce new words and to review words from previous lessons — 10 minutes Sight Words Games — Use our games to provide reinforcement of the lesson and some review of already mastered sight words to help your child develop speed and fluency — 20 minutes Video: Introduction to Teaching Sight Words 2.
Plan a Lesson 2. Introduce one word at a time, using the five teaching techniques. Hold up the flash card for the first word, and go through all five techniques, in order. Then introduce the second word, and go through all five teaching techniques, and so on.
This lesson should establish basic familiarity with the new words. This part of a sight words session should be brisk and last no more than ten minutes.
As your child gets more advanced, you might increase the number of words you work on in each lesson. Words often need to be covered a few times for the child to fully internalize them.
If your child struggles to recognize a word, cover that word again in the main lesson, going through all five teaching techniques. The child should have a good grasp of — but does not need to have completely mastered — a word before it gets replaced in your lesson plan.
Use your game time to provide lots of repetition for these words until the child has thoroughly mastered them. We have numerous sight words games that will make that repetition fun and entertaining for you and your child.
The games are of course the most entertaining part of the sight words program, but they need to wait until after the first part of the sight words lesson. Games reinforce what the lesson teaches. Do not use games to introduce new words.
Be sure the child has a pretty good grasp of a sight word before using it in a game, especially if you are working with a group of children.
You do not want one child to be regularly embarrassed in front of his classmates when he struggles with words the others have already mastered!
Sight Words Teaching Techniques Introduce new sight words using this sequence of five teaching techniques: Spell Reading — The child says the word and spells out the letters, then reads the word again. Arm Tapping — The child says the word and then spells out the letters while tapping them on his arm, then reads the word again.
Air Writing — A child says the word, then writes the letters in the air in front of the flash card. Table Writing — A child writes the letters on a table, first looking at and then not looking at the flash card.
These techniques work together to activate different parts of the brain. The lessons get the child up to a baseline level of competence that is then reinforced by the games, which take them up to the level of mastery.
All you need is a flash card for each of the sight words you are covering in the lesson.
Correcting Mistakes Of course, every child will make mistakes in the process of learning sight words. They might get confused between similar-looking words or struggle to remember phonetically irregular words.
Use our Corrections Procedure every time your child makes a mistake in a sight words lesson or game. Simple and straightforward, it focuses on reinforcing the correct identification and pronunciation of the word.
It can be done quickly without disrupting the flow of the activity. Do not scold the child for making a mistake or even repeat the incorrect word. Just reinforce the correct word using our script, and then move on. Frequently Asked Questions Q: We have been on the same five words for a week!
It is not unusual to have to repeat the same set of words several times, especially in the first weeks of sight words instruction. The child is learning how to learn the words and is developing pattern recognition approaches that will speed his progress.
Do I really need to do all five techniques for every word? Start out by using all five techniques with each new word.Sight words should not be taught at all in a pure phonics program that teaches by sound. They should merely be taught phonetically along with other words.
Both the Fry and Dolch sight word lists are based on whole word methods and are high frequency words. For this reason, phonics should be the primary word attack method taught and emphasized in early reading.
However, a certain amount of sight word instruction should be included, particularly in early reading, because many of these words (e.g.,to, the, of, was, there) are irregular, and are best taught as sight words. Sight words typically become automatic when a child has had multiple and meaningful exposure to the word (it goes back to integrating and immersing your kids into words everyday through reading, writing, playing, etc.).
Sight words (high-frequency words, core words or even popcorn words) are the words that are used most often in reading and writing. According to Teach Stix: In classrooms across America, the development of sight word recognition continues to be a top priority when instructing emerging and beginning readers.
Should Students Be Taught Sight Words In Beginning Reading. International University of the Caribbean READING IN CONTENT AREA Essay Distinguish between Aesthetic and Efferent Reading, and Apply reading strategies to develop Reading Skills in any grade level.
Thankfully, relatively few of these words meet most of our basic reading, writing, and speaking needs. The English words needed for most communications are referred to by terms such as, sight words, high frequency words, and most common words.
Researcher Edward B. Fry ranked these words in order of frequency. The first 25 words on the list .