Adoptive parents should be legally bound to allow biological parents access to their children.
Essays in philosophy, politics and economics by Thomas R. It is the disruptive engine at the heart of the three key institutional innovations of modernity: But despite its glamorous power, competition is not enough.
Indeed it can be dangerous if it escapes from its box. In democracies, for example, the competition for power can so dominate politics that little actual governance gets done, as presently in America where elected politicians are forced to spend most of their time and energy raising money and running for their next election.
In market economies, competition turns corporations into psychopaths concerned only to externalise costs and privatise benefits. The resulting race to the bottom, such as in Chinese food safety, can destroy lives and also entire industries.
So far so obvious. But this is the season of the Olympics so this post will focus on a different problem of competition, the threat it poses to sport by emptying out the meaning from what has become an important part of our global - our human - culture.
I Culture is about the meanings of what we do, the shared world we construct through common values, symbols, purposes, memories, and so on. Culture can thereby be distinguished from other, overlapping components of a modern polity: So the first point to establish is that sport is cultural, that it is or can be meaningful.
On the face of it this may appear difficult in comparison to the kind of things we do accept as part of global culture, like the Taj Mahal.
Sports are games, and games are by definition pointless: Sports are trivial by design.
Perhaps the Olympics itself may count as a cultural artifact like the Sydney Opera House just because the brand is globally well known and every few years everyone talks about it a lot. But then the sports tend to drop out of it, just as no one talks about the operas.
I think that sports deserve to be taken more seriously in their own right. Their contribution to global culture is not merely the superficial achievement of universal recognition what brings the Sydney Opera House, Coca Cola, and the Olympics into the same category.
Apr 24, · The Debate The issue. Some people are prepared to argue, often quite forcefully, in favour of legalising performance-enhancing drugs. Some feel that existing rules are meaningless when they are. I have been working on a sports ethics presentation. The following is a (really) rough draft of the section of performance-enhancing technologies. Subscribe now and save, give a gift subscription or get help with an existing subscription.
The special promise of sport is to provide a depth of meaning, i. That value has at least three distinct sources - competition of coursebut also drama, and craft. I leave aside the value sports have for their participants.
The increasing dominance of competition across all sports is therefore distinctly worrying. In the long run it may squeeze the very life out of them.
II The pleasure of competition consists in the resolution of uncertainty combined with the validation of status rankings. There is a special thrill in the resolution of a sustained uncertainty about an outcome, and this is also behind the appeal of gambling.
But in sport the resolution of this uncertainty is also meant to reflect merit: In the past, the Greeks saw the winners of sporting competitions as selected by the Gods, and modern celebrations of gold medallists still echo of that.
Hence the emphasis on fairness - level playing fields, gender testing, anti-doping regimes — to ensure the results reflect only the authentic moral desert of the contestants. Hence also the moralistic and somewhat disturbing obsession with purity, cleanness and naturalness.
Competition is what makes sport exciting.Publisher of books, continuing education courses and journals for Fitness, Exercise, Coaching and Sport. Performance enhancing drugs in sports has become a controversial issue in today's professional sports world, as pros and cons are discussed in the media and among Professional organizations.
Clear instructions with outlines and sample essay forms for writing summary, analysis, and response essays. More Essay Examples on. Performance enhancing drugs are not the answer and it is not worth loosing your life or career over a sport.
Goldsmiths, University of London is in South East London. We offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees as well as teacher training (PGCE), Study . Performance enhancing drugs should not be legalized ‘Olympic track star Marion Jones was sentenced in a federal court to six months in prison.’ (Kelly and Rao, ) The reason why Jones was guilty is because of the use of performance enhancing drugs since So far so obvious. But this is the season of the Olympics so this post will focus on a different problem of competition, the threat it poses to sport by emptying out the meaning from what has become an important part of our global - our human - culture.
“Doping” is now a common term that people use to describe the use of a substance of the purpose of enhancing performance. Performance enhancing drugs should not be legalized ‘Olympic track star Marion Jones was sentenced in a federal court to six months in prison.’ (Kelly and Rao, ) The reason why Jones was guilty is because of the use of performance enhancing drugs since An argumentative speech is a persuasive speech in which the speaker attempts to persuade his audience to alter their viewpoints on a controversial issue.
While a persuasive speech may be aimed more at sharing a viewpoint and asking the audience to consider it, an argumentative speech aims to radically change the opinions already .