Letters of reference writing apa

Use an en dash, NOT a hyphen, for page ranges: No gaps between the page numbers and the en dash. How to add an en dash in Microsoft Word: Holding the Control key and type the minus sign on the small numeric keypad.

Letters of reference writing apa

But how do I write an in-text citation for content I found on a website? Thanks, Wallace Dear Wallace, This is a tricky question, but we can help!

APA Citation Example

The short answer is that in most cases no, you do not put the URL in the text of the paper. In fact, the only time you would put a URL in the text would be to simply mention a website in passing. Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication.

The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry and yes, you can leave the links live. Website Example In-text citation: The American Nurses Association issued a position statement insisting that pharmaceutical companies immediately cease using thimerosal as a vaccine preservative.

Mercury in vaccines [Position statement]. To clarify the document type, you can also specify the format in brackets after the title. Determining Website Authors It can be confusing to determine who the author of a website or webpage is. Often, the author is a group or agency rather than a particular individual.

For example, the author of the position statement cited above is the American Nurses Association. If the website or webpage truly does not have an author, substitute the title of the page for the author in the in-text citation and reference list entry see this post on missing reference pieces for examples of how to do this.

Determining Website Dates A second source of confusion is that many websites or webpages do not include publication dates. If no date of publication is provided, use the letters n. The copyright date on the website itself should not be used as the publication date for particular content on that site.

If multiple dates are provided, use the most recent date on which the content was changed. For example, if the site says the content was first published in and last updated on August 6,then use the date in the in-text citation and reference list.

However, if the site says it was first published in and last reviewed in Julythen use the date because a review does not imply that any information was changed.

Multiple Website Citations If you use information from multiple pages on a website, create a separate reference list entry for each page, with in-text citations that correspond to the appropriate reference list entry.

It is common for writers to have multiple entries with the same author and yearso to differentiate these entries, use a letter after the year e. Put references with no date before references with dates, and put in-press references last.

Multiple reference list entries: Academic progression to meet the needs of the registered nurse, the health care consumer, and the U. Simply state the author once and then provide the years of the applicable references in chronological order, separated by commas.

American Nurses Association n. Leave a comment below.BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard.

letters of reference writing apa

Luckily, writing the in-text citation for a website or webpage is easy: Simply include the author and year of publication. The URL goes in the corresponding reference list entry (and yes, you can leave the links live). What this handout is about. This handout will explain why annotated bibliographies are useful for researchers, provide an explanation of what constitutes an annotation, describe various types of annotations and styles for writing them, and offer multiple examples of annotated bibliographies in the MLA, APA, and CBE/CSE styles of citation.

In This Section. This section of the website will provide guidelines and information on how to format your reference list using APA @ Conestoga style. APA Citation Guide. When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal.

APA Format Guide to help you create your APA citations. Includes examples of in-text and reference list citations and APA paper format guidelines.

APA citation style for Internet reference resources.