Knowing that the punishment for their behavior will be severe, the girls claim that they were possessed by the spirits of members of the community who are trying to initiate them into witchcraft. Because of the gravity of the accusations witchcraft is punishable by hanginga court is set up to determine the guilt or innocence of those accused. Judges are sent to Salem from the Boston area to hear the cases.
Miller bases the play on the historical account of the Salem witch trials. In particular he focuses on the discovery of several young girls and a slave playing in the woods, conjuring — or attempting to conjure — spirits from the dead.
Rather than suffer severe and inevitable punishment for their actions, the girls accused other inhabitants of Salem of practicing witchcraft.
Ironically, the girls avoided punishment by accusing others of the very things of which they were guilty. This desperate and perhaps childish finger-pointing resulted in Context essays crucible paranoia and an atmosphere of fear in which everyone was a potential witch.
As the number of arrests increased, so did the distrust within the Salem community. A self-perpetuating cycle of distrust, accusation, arrest, and conviction emerged. By the end ofthe Salem court had convicted and executed nineteen men and women.
Miller creates an atmosphere and mood within the play reminiscent of the historical period and of Puritan culture.
The inhabitants of Salem lived in a restrictive society. Although the Puritans left England to avoid religious persecution, they based their newly established society upon religious intolerance.
The Puritans demonstrated their faithfulness, honesty, and integrity through physical labor and strict adherence to religious doctrine. They considered material and physical wants — especially sexual desires — as the Devil's work and a threat to society. The Bible and the minister's interpretation of the Bible determined what was considered socially acceptable behavior.
The Puritans had no tolerance for inappropriate or unacceptable behavior and punished individuals publicly and severely if they transgressed.
Miller captures the intolerance and religious fanaticism of the period and effectively incorporates them into the play. Reading about the Salem witch trials and the paranoid frenzy going on at the time is one thing, but witnessing the trials first hand is quite another experience.
Miller permits the audience to do just that by transforming the faceless names from history into living, breathing characters with desires, emotions, and freewill. Miller did make adjustments to the ages, backgrounds, and occupations of several of the individuals mentioned in the historical records, however.
For example, he lowers the age gap between John Proctor and Abigail Williams from sixty and eleven, respectively, to thirty-five and seventeen, enabling the plot line of an affair between the two. Proctor and his wife Elizabeth ran an inn as well as a farm, but Miller eliminates this detail.
Proctor's friend Giles Corey was actually pressed to death a month after Proctor's execution; however, Miller juxtaposes his death and Proctor's.
Finally, Miller chose to omit the fact that Proctor had a son who was also tortured during the witch trials because he refused to confess to witchcraft. Although no one can know for certain what the actual individuals thought, felt, or believed, Miller's incorporation of motive into the play's characters provides his audience with a realistic scenario that is both believable and applicable to society.
For example, when the play was first produced during the 's, as McCarthyism submerged America in paranoia and fear, audiences could relate to the plot because Americans were turning in their friends so they would not be labeled as Communists.
Although today's society may not be engaged in so-called "witch hunts," stories of an individual attempting to reestablish a relationship with a former lover by eliminating what he or she perceives to be the only obstacle — the person currently involved in a relationship with the former lover — are not uncommon.
This classic love triangle appears repeatedly in literature, not to mention the supermarket tabloids. Miller's exploration of the human psyche and behavior makes the play an enduring masterpiece, even though McCarthyism has faded into history. On one hand Miller addresses a particularly dark period in American history — a time in which society believed the Devil walked the streets of Salem and could become manifest in anyone, even a close neighbor or, worse yet, a family member.
On the other hand, Miller moves beyond a discussion of witchcraft and what really happened in Salem to explore human motivation and subsequent behavior. The play continues to affect audiences by allowing them to see how dark desires and hidden agendas can be played out.
Abigail is a young woman who seizes an opportunity to reverse fate. She has had an affair with Proctor, who now refuses to continue the affair out of a mixture of guilt and loyalty to his wife.Crucible: The President's First Year (Miller Center Studies on the Presidency) [Michael Nelson, Jeffrey L.
Below is a free excerpt of "The Crucible - Cultural Context Essay" from Anti Essays, your source for free research papers, essays, and term paper examples. The Crucible ‘The Crucible’ is a play originally written by Arthur Miller which . The Crucible: Historical Context 1. Historical Context and Literary Merit 2. Arthur Miller warns in the preface to The Crucible that “this play is not history,” but it is certainly dependent on historical events for its story. The Writings of George M. Ella. During the s Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible was widely read in British, Continental European and American Schools, introducing Miller’s own particular Hollywood-style morals at the cost of Christian truths. Here is an article originally published in the Spring of in Spectrum, a magazine for Christian teachers.
Chidester, Stefanie Georgakis Abbott] on r-bridal.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Is the presidency a position one must learn on the job, or can one learn from others’ experience? No common thread runs through the list of forty-five presidents; no playbook provides the answers. The general outline of events in The Crucible corresponds to what happened in Salem of , but Miller’s characters are often composites.
Furthermore, his central plot device—the affair between Abigail Williams and John Proctor—has no grounding in fact (Proctor was over sixty at the time of the trials, while Abigail was only eleven).
The Writings of George M. Ella. During the s Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible was widely read in British, Continental European and American Schools, introducing Miller’s own particular Hollywood-style morals at the cost of Christian truths.
Here is an article originally published in the Spring of in Spectrum, a magazine for Christian teachers. r-bridal.com (GSO) is a free, public website providing information and resources necessary to help meet the educational needs of students.
The crucible context essay - Sample Essay ‘The Crucible’ is a play, written in America during the s, by Arthur Miller. It is based on the true events that happened in the American town of Salem in the s.
The Crucible Homework Help Questions. Analyze what a good name means to some of the characters in The Crucible. The importance of having a good name is stressed throughout this play, and is a.