Introduction Eighteenth-century American culture moved in competing directions. Commercial, military, and cultural ties between Great Britain and the North American colonies tightened while a new distinctly American culture began to form and bind together colonists from New Hampshire to Georgia.
Study Questions 1 Describe the increasing level of political organization in the American colonies between and What conditions provoked each successive step? During the period from toopposition to British actions developed from the disorganized clamor of scattered mobs to a highly organized, highly connected network of political leaders.
The first signs of growing political organization arose during the Stamp Act crisis.
The Sons of Liberty addressed the problems of recklessness and disorganization by taking charge of the anti- British protests, adding an element of order and purpose to the actions of the masses. Finally, convinced that the masses would not ruin the colonial rights movement through unnecessary violence and disorder, the political and economic elites took control of the opposition, giving a more sophisticated and powerful voice to the masses through governmental resolutions and a policy of non- importation.
The final step in increasing political organization took place inwith the creation of the committees of correspondence. The committees linked political leaders throughout the colonies, enabling widespread unity of political thought and action.
How did events early on in this period mold the colonial perspective in regard to Anglo-American relations? As soon as the French and Indian War came to a close, it became clear that the colonists had a distinctly different idea of the role of the British government than did the government itself.
The Proclamation ofwhich named Britain as the sole arbiter of land transactions to the west of the Appalachian Mountains, was the earliest manifestations of this conflict. The colonists saw the proclamation as a direct threat to the independence they had traditionally enjoyed on the continent, and many opposed the measure, asserting the belief that Parliament should stay out of North American affairs.
The advent of the writs of assistance convinced many colonists that not only did Parliament intend to wield a strong hand in colonial life, but that that hand was prone to tyranny. Although he lost the case against the writs of assistance, James Otis hit upon precisely the ideological cornerstone that would lead the colonies up to and into revolution.
The British Constitution was not a written document; it was an unwritten collection of customs and traditions guaranteeing certain rights, and therefore an abstract and fungible thing.
Most British subjects assumed that all laws made by Parliament were incorporated into the Constitution, and thus that Parliament could alter the Constitution as it wished, without question. Otis contended that in the principles of government there existed certain limits "beyond which if Parliaments go, their Acts bind not.
In the years to come, the colonists continued to complain that the British government had infringed upon this set of "inalienable" rights. This infringement was commonly claimed as the motive for revolution. What was the basis of this theory and how did the American colonists respond to it?
The theory of virtual representation held that the members of Parliament did not only represent their specific geographical constituencies, but rather that they took into consideration the well-being of all British subjects when deliberating on legislation.
During the Stamp Act crisis, Americans refuted as invalid the theory of virtual representation.
In the common colonial view, unless a legislator shared, to some extent, the interests of his constituents, he could not be expected to consider their welfare.
Many colonists believed that such a scenario played out in the case of the Stamp Act.Analyze the Ways in Which British Imperial Policies Between and Intensified Colonial Resistance to British Rule and Their Commitment to Republican Values.
Words | 3 Pages. 2. Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between and intensified colonial resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican values. The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the eighteenth century in which the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America gained independence from the British Empire..
In this period, the colonies rebelled against Britain and entered into the American Revolutionary War, also referred to (especially in Britain) as the American War of Independence. Revolutionary America. The government of George III introduced a plan of imperial reorganization in These reforms were not welcomed in many parts of America, where the cry of “no taxation without representation" was heard.
Beginning in the mids, Britain attempted to fine-tune its colonial control through the Stamp Act (), the Quartering Act (), and Townshend Duties ( Colonial Response to British Policies Essay Toby Goldman AP U.S History Essay 2 Organized colonial resistance began between the years - The policies of Britain toward their American colonies over this time period escalated tension between the two, and finally led to the rejection of Royal power by the colonies.
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Analyze the Ways in Which British Imperial Policies Between and Intensified Colonial Resistance to British Rule and Their Commitment to Republican Values.
Words | 3 Pages. 2. Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between and intensified colonial resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican .